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    新型防火板的分类有哪些?

    来源:http://www.fumeijia.net/ 日期:2021-12-02 发布人:admin
    1、氯氧化镁防火板
    1. Magnesium oxychloride fireproof board
    这种防火板是使用镁质胶凝为主要原材料来制作的,再在其中添加玻璃纤维布和一些轻质的保温材料来填充镁质胶凝,经过一系列的加工处理复合而成,它属于氯氧镁水泥类的制成品,但是环保性能比较强。
    This kind of fireproof board is made by using magnesium cementitious as the main raw material, adding glass fiber cloth and some light thermal insulation materials to fill magnesium cementitious, and compounding after a series of processing. It belongs to the finished product of magnesium oxychloride cement, but it has strong environmental protection performance.
    2、防火石膏板材
    2. Fireproof gypsum board
    这种防火板主要是以石膏为主要原材料来进行的制作,这种板材的原材料的来源非常广,因此制作出来的种类也是比较多的,比如说双面贴纸石膏防火板、硅钙石膏纤维板等等,这些板材的内部含有结晶水,有较好的耐火性能,加工简便,常常被人们使用到吊顶等等的制作。
    This kind of fireproof board is mainly made with gypsum as the main raw material. The source of raw materials of this board is very wide, so there are many kinds, such as double-sided sticker gypsum fireproof board, silica calcium gypsum fiberboard, etc. these boards contain crystal water, have good fire resistance and are easy to process, It is often used in the production of ceiling and so on.
    3、矿棉板、玻璃棉板
    3. Mineral wool board, glass wool board
    主要以矿棉、玻璃棉为隔热材料。其本身不燃、耐高温性能好、质轻,但不足之处有①短纤维对人体呼吸系统会造成危害,②板材强度差,③板材对火灾烟气蔓延的阻隔性能差,④装饰性差,⑤安装施工工作量大。因此,该种板材现已大部分演变成以无机粘结材料为基材,矿棉、玻璃棉作为增强材料的板材。
    富美家防火板
    Mineral wool and glass wool are mainly used as thermal insulation materials. It is nonflammable, has good high temperature resistance and light weight, but its shortcomings include ① short fiber will cause harm to human respiratory system, ② poor strength of plate, ③ poor barrier performance of plate to fire smoke spread, ④ poor decoration, and ⑤ heavy installation and construction workload. Therefore, most of these plates have evolved into plates with inorganic bonding materials as the substrate and mineral wool and glass wool as the reinforcing materials.
    4、水泥板
    4. Cement board
    水泥板材强度高,来源广泛。过去常用它作防火吊顶和隔墙,但其耐火性能较差,在火场中易炸裂穿孔、失去保护作用而使其应用受到一定限制。水泥混凝土构件的隔热、隔声性能好,可作为隔墙和屋面板。建材市场上陆续出现了纤维增强水泥板等改进品种,具有强度高、耐火性能好的优点,但韧性较差、碱度大、装饰效果较差。
    Cement board has high strength and a wide range of sources. In the past, it was often used as fireproof ceiling and partition wall, but its fire resistance performance was poor, it was easy to crack and perforation in the fire field and lose its protective effect, so its application was limited to a certain extent. The cement concrete component has good heat insulation and sound insulation performance, and can be used as partition wall and roof slab. Improved varieties such as fiber reinforced cement board have emerged in the building materials market, which have the advantages of high strength and good fire resistance, but poor toughness, high alkalinity and poor decorative effect.
    5、珍珠岩板、漂珠板、蛭石板
    5. Perlite plate, floating bead plate, vermiculite plate
    是以低碱度水泥为基材,珍珠岩、玻璃微珠、蛭石为加气填充材料,再添加一些助剂复合而制成的空心板材。具有自重轻、强度高、韧性好、防火隔热、施工方便等特点,可广泛应用于高层框架建筑物分室、分户、卫生间、厨房、通讯管等非承重部位。
    It is a hollow plate made of low alkalinity cement as base material, perlite, glass beads and vermiculite as aerated filling materials, and some additives. It has the characteristics of light weight, high strength, good toughness, fire prevention and heat insulation and convenient construction. It can be widely used in non load-bearing parts such as rooms, households, toilets, kitchens and communication pipes of high-rise frame buildings.
    6、硅酸钙纤维板
    6. Calcium silicate fiberboard
    是以石灰、硅酸盐及无机纤维增强材料为主要原料的建筑板材,具有质轻、强度高且隔热性、耐久性好、加工性能与施工性能优良等特点,主要用于制作天花板、隔墙以及作为钢柱、钢梁的防火保护材料。但板材强度和弯曲性能还有待提高。
    It is a building board with lime, silicate and inorganic fiber reinforced materials as the main raw materials. It has the characteristics of light weight, high strength, heat insulation, good durability, excellent processing performance and construction performance. It is mainly used to make ceilings, partitions and fire protection materials for steel columns and beams. However, the strength and bending properties of the plate need to be improved.
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